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低音单簧管

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低音单簧管介绍
"低音单簧管" class="input_key" autocomplete="off"> </div> <div class="search-btn fl"> <button type="submit" class="s_btn J-mod-goentry" id="J-mod-goentry">进入词条</button><button type="button" class="search-kw s_btn J-mod-gosearch" id="J-mod-gosearch">搜索词条</button> </div> </form> <div id="suggest-container" style="display: none;"> <div class="suggest-bd"> <div id="suggest-common" data-box="suggest-box"> </div> </div> </div> </div><div id="g-hd-tools" class=""> <div class="user " id="user_info"> <div id="J-not-login"> <div class="user-item"><a href="javascript:void(0)" _cke_saved_href="javascript:void(0)" id="J-user-login" class="user-login">登录</a></div> <div class="user-item"><span class="topbar-tools-sep">|</span><a href="javascript:void(0)" _cke_saved_href="javascript:void(0)" id="J-user-reg" class="user-reg">注册</a></div></div> <div id="J-has-login" style="display:none">   <div class="user-item" style="margin:-8px 5px 0 0"> <a href="/uc?t=1569574084" _cke_saved_href="/uc?t=1569574084" 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title="super_二倩">super_二倩</p><div class="hover-right-user-icon" title="优秀导师" style="background-position:-150px -30px;"></div></div><div class="hover-right-user-box"><a href="###" _cke_saved_href="###" data-log="nav-user-5"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/65_66_/t0160d4d9ac380ca514.jpg" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/65_66_/t0160d4d9ac380ca514.jpg"></a><p title="染子帆_001">染子帆_001</p><div class="hover-right-user-icon" title="校园先锋" style="background-position:-150px 0;"></div></div><div class="hover-right-user-box"><a href="###" _cke_saved_href="###" data-log="nav-user-6"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/65_66_/t0197bdc8984de58899.jpg" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/65_66_/t0197bdc8984de58899.jpg"></a><p title="念君长安i">念君长安i</p><div class="hover-right-user-icon" title="校园先锋" style="background-position:-150px 0;"></div></div></div></div></dd></dl><dl class="nav-content-box-dl nav-content-box-dl-hide"><dt class="nav-content-box-dt-color"><a class="nav-content-first-default" href="###" _cke_saved_href="###">任务</a></dt><dd class="hover-dd-task" style="display: none;"><div class="hover-left"><ul><li><a href="http://baike.so.com/task?nav_header=task" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/task?nav_header=task" target="_blank" data-log="nav-task-center">任务中心<div class="hover-left-icon"></div></a></li><li><a href="http://baike.so.com/index.php?c=doc&amp;a=tips&amp;nav_header=task" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/index.php?c=doc&amp;a=tips&amp;nav_header=task" target="_blank" data-log="nav-task-edit">悬赏编辑</a></li></ul></div><div class="hover-right hover-right-task"><div class="hover-right-title"><p>热门任务</p></div><div><div class="hover-right-task-box"><a href="http://baike.so.com/activity/235/index.html" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/activity/235/index.html" target="_blank" data-log="nav-task-pic1"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/135_90_/t01be91599f12c713cd.png" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/135_90_/t01be91599f12c713cd.png"></a><p><span class="coin">50</span><span><a href="http://baike.so.com/activity/235/index.html" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/activity/235/index.html" target="_blank" data-log="nav-task-title1" title="影视万花筒(四)">影视万花筒(四)</a></span></p></div></div></div></dd></dl><dl class="nav-content-box-dl nav-content-box-dl-hide"><dt class="nav-content-box-dt-color"><a class="nav-content-first-default" href="###" _cke_saved_href="###">合作</a></dt><dd class="hover-dd-cooperate" style="display: none;"><div class="hover-left"><ul><li><a href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" _cke_saved_href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" target="_blank" data-log="nav-cooperate-video">看懂视界</a></li><li><a href="http://baike.so.com/zt/quanweibianji.html?nav_header=cooperate" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/zt/quanweibianji.html?nav_header=cooperate" target="_blank" data-log="nav-cooperate-authoritative">权威编辑</a></li></ul></div><div class="hover-right hover-right-cooperate"><div class="hover-right-title"><p>视频百科</p></div><div><div class="hover-right-cooperate-box"><a href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" _cke_saved_href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" target="_blank" data-log="nav-cooperate-pic1"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/135_90_/t01949acbcdc5539e7a.jpg" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/135_90_/t01949acbcdc5539e7a.jpg"></a><p><a href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" _cke_saved_href="https://baike.so.com/videoPartner/index?nav_header=cooperate" target="_blank" data-log="nav-cooperate-title1" title="以更便捷易懂的方式获取知识">以更便捷易懂的方式获取知识</a></p></div></div></div></dd></dl><dl class="nav-content-box-dl nav-content-box-dl-hide"><dt class="nav-content-box-dt-color"><a class="nav-content-first-default" href="###" _cke_saved_href="###">知识商城</a></dt><dd class="hover-dd-mall" style="display: none;"><div class="hover-left"><ul><li><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/index?nav_header=mall" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/index?nav_header=mall" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-thing">商品抽奖</a></li><li><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/index?nav_header=mall#href_coin_exchange" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/index?nav_header=mall#href_coin_exchange" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-money">金币兑换</a></li></ul></div><div class="hover-right hover-right-mall"><div class="hover-right-title"><p>知识大奖</p></div><div><div class="hover-right-mall-box"><div class="right-mall-img"><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=297" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=297" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-pic1"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/110_90_/t017161702bc8e3676b.jpg" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/110_90_/t017161702bc8e3676b.jpg"></a></div><div class="right-mall-text"><div class="right-mall-text-top"><p><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=297" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=297" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-title1" title="雷朋眼镜">雷朋眼镜</a></p><p>剩余<span class="number">5</span>个</p></div><div class="right-mall-text-bottom"><p><span>823200</span></p></div></div></div><div class="hover-right-mall-box"><div class="right-mall-img"><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=400" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=400" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-pic2"><img src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/110_90_/t0154ce2a3b4cd99cd9.png" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dm/110_90_/t0154ce2a3b4cd99cd9.png"></a></div><div class="right-mall-text"><div class="right-mall-text-top"><p><a href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=400" _cke_saved_href="http://jifen.so.com/userMall/goodsDetail?id=400" target="_blank" data-log="nav-reward-title2" title="富士INSTAXmini9相机">富士INSTAXmini9相机</a></p><p>剩余<span class="number">1</span>个</p></div><div class="right-mall-text-bottom"><p><span>1022400</span></p></div></div></div></div></div></dd></dl><dl class="nav-content-box-dl nav-content-box-dl-hide"><dt class="nav-content-box-dt-color"><a class="nav-content-first-default" href="###" _cke_saved_href="###" data-log="nav-help-center">帮助中心</a></dt><dd class="hover-dd-help" style="display: none;"><div class="hover-left"><ul><li><a href=" http://baike.so.com/doc/10954565-11482446.html?nav_header=help" _cke_saved_href=" http://baike.so.com/doc/10954565-11482446.html?nav_header=help" target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-common">常见问题</a></li><li><a href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958389-11495680.html?nav_header=help" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958389-11495680.html?nav_header=help" target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-contact">联系方式</a></li></ul></div><div class="hover-right hover-right-help"><div class="right-help-info"><div class="hover-right-title"><p>帮你解答</p></div><div><div class="hover-right-help-box"><div class="right-help-box-top"><div class="help_p"><div class="left"><span><a href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958330-11495587.html " _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958330-11495587.html " target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-1">我的账号权限</a></span></div><div class="right"><span><a href="http://baike.so.com/doc/5343776-5579219.html " _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/doc/5343776-5579219.html " target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-2">怎么编辑词条?</a></span></div></div><div class="help_p"><div class="left"><span><a href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958380-11495664.html" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958380-11495664.html" target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-3">词条创建要求</a></span></div><div class="right"><span><a href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958378-11495662.html" _cke_saved_href="http://baike.so.com/doc/10958378-11495662.html" target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-4">审核不通过?</a></span></div></div></div><div class="right-help-box-bottom"><p>联系邮箱:360baike@360.cn</p></div></div></div></div><div class="right-help-robot"><a id="help-robot-image" href="/robot" _cke_saved_href="/robot" target="_blank" data-log="nav-help-robot" onmouseover="this.style.background='url(https://p.ssl.qhimg.com/t01912c7b9849ca4015.png) top left';" onmouseleave="this.style.background='url(https://p.ssl.qhimg.com/t016957e4d97fd0efc3.png) top left';" style="background-image: url(&quot;https://p.ssl.qhimg.com/t01fe47fa056616404a.gif&quot;);"></a></div></div></dd></dl></div></div></div></div></div>  <div id="update-date">2018-08-26 18:01:44</div> <input id="e-bk-t" type="hidden" value="1"> <div id="main" class="" style=""> <div class="entry-banner">        </div>  <div class="entry-box wrap  "> <div class="boxwrap cl js-entry-boxwrap  "> <div class="boxinner-l" id="baike-content">  <div class="entry-header">  <div class="doc-tag-zone"> <div class="essence-tag 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</div></script>   <div class="card_content" id="js-card-content"><p>低音单簧管是<a href="/doc/5333894-5569331.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5333894-5569331.html" target="_blank">木管乐器</a>的一种,又名低音黑管,通常用非洲黑木制造,由木料、硬橡胶或金属制成,有一个鸟嘴形的吹口和圆形的空心,管身是可装拆的喇叭口,管体成圆筒形,下端为开放的喇叭口。在吹口处固定一个<a href="/doc/3112736-3280760.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/3112736-3280760.html" target="_blank">簧片</a>,吹奏者通过簧片和吹口的空间吹气时,并配合下唇适当的压力,薄薄的簧片尖产生振动,使乐器管内的空气柱开始振动,因而发出柔美的音色。</p></div> <div class="intro_button"></div> </div> <div class="starVideo starVideo1" id="starVideo"> </div>        </div>    <div class="entry-detail js-entry-detail"> <div class="entry-basic"> <div id="basic-info"> <a name="uni_baseinfo" _cke_saved_name="uni_baseinfo"></a> <h2 class="titleH2"><span class="h2mark"></span>基本信息</h2> <div class="card-list-box"> <ul class="cardlist"> <li> <div class="cardlist-con"> <p class="cardlist-name" title="中文名称">中文名称</p> <p class="cardlist-value" title=" 低音单簧管 "><a href="/doc/412203-436556.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/412203-436556.html" target="_blank">低音单簧管</a></p> </div> </li> <li> <div class="cardlist-con"> <p class="cardlist-name" title="外文名称">外文名称</p> <p class="cardlist-value" title="Bass clarinet">Bass clarinet</p> </div> </li> <li> <div class="cardlist-con"> <p class="cardlist-name" title="别名">别名</p> <p class="cardlist-value" title=" 低音黑管 "> 低音黑管 </p> </div> </li> </ul> <ul class="cardlist"> <li> <div class="cardlist-con"> <p class="cardlist-name" title="类型">类型</p> <p class="cardlist-value" title=" 木管乐器 "> 木管乐器 </p> </div> </li> <li> <div class="cardlist-con"> <p class="cardlist-name" title="制作材料">制作材料</p> <p class="cardlist-value" title=" 木料、硬橡胶或金属 "> 木料、硬橡胶或金属 </p> </div> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div><div class="entry-before">         </div> <div class="entry-catalogue"> <div class="entry-mod-catalogue"> <div class="catalogModWrap"> <span class="h2mark"></span> <table class="catalogMod" id="J-ext-mod-topcatalog"> <tbody><tr> <th><span><em></em>目录</span></th> <td class="listTd"> <div><em>1</em><a title="乐器简介" href="#412203-436556-1" _cke_saved_href="#412203-436556-1">乐器简介</a></div> </td><td class="listTd"> <div><em>2</em><a title="应用" href="#412203-436556-2" _cke_saved_href="#412203-436556-2">应用</a></div> </td> </tr> </tbody></table> </div> </div> </div><div class="entry-body"> </div> <div class="entry-content"> <div id="lemma-main" class="lemma-meaning" data-sub="#412203-436556-0"> <div class="main_content_text cl" id="main-content-text">     <h2> <a name="412203-436556-1" _cke_saved_name="412203-436556-1"></a> <a class="conArrow" href="#" _cke_saved_href="#" data-logid="h2-title">折叠</a>  <span class="opt js-edittext"> <a class="edit" href="/create/edit/?eid=412203&amp;sid=436556&amp;secid=1" _cke_saved_href="/create/edit/?eid=412203&amp;sid=436556&amp;secid=1" data-log="edit-title"><i class="ico"></i>编辑本段</a></span>  <b class="title">乐器简介</b></h2> <div class="sonConBox ">  <div class="h2_content"> <p>低音单簧管是由普通单簧管所演变出来的一种变种乐器,除其外形较大外,结构、指法和演奏技巧和普通单簧管大致相同。音色相对较为低沉,弱奏时则展现柔美特性,强奏时音色则具有魄力,最初出现于交响乐团时,通常由一名单簧管手兼任,但现时更多机会是由一名乐手独立于其他单簧管之外。</p><p>作为变种乐器,低音单簧管的普及程度和短笛近乎相同。它不但已成为现代交响乐团的常规乐器,稍有规模的业余乐团、一般学校乐团等都能够添置最少一支。在管乐团、军乐团以至爵士乐,低音单簧管也是不可或缺的部份。<a href="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/t01144c6b35e0b6bd2c.png" _cke_saved_href="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/t01144c6b35e0b6bd2c.png" class="show-img layoutright" data-type="gallery" data-log="content-gallery" data-index="0"><span class="show-img-hd" style="width:220px;"><img id="img_28261385" title="低音单簧管" alt="低音单簧管" data-img="mod_img" style="width: 220px; display: inline;" src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dr/220__/t01144c6b35e0b6bd2c.png" _cke_saved_src="https://p1.ssl.qhimg.com/dr/220__/t01144c6b35e0b6bd2c.png"></span><span class="show-img-bd">低音单簧管</span></a>外形构造</p><p>现代低音单簧管大都以非洲黑木所制成,亦有用塑料树脂作为材料。它的管身粗而直,上下的直径相同。由于体积较大,为方便乐手吹奏,吹管部份扭成如问号(?)的形状。而喇叭口亦改成如萨克管般的向外兜出(据闻萨克管的发明者萨克就是因为看见低音单簧管的喇叭口设计,后来将此套用在萨克管上)。另外,低音单簧管手和巴松管手一样,会配带肩带并将乐器固定在金属扣上。</p><p>低音单簧管同样采用贝姆指法,按键位置和单簧管基本上是相同。现代的低音单簧管添加了新的按键,可以吹出相等于巴松管的最低的B?1音。这不但令低音单簧管的音域得以扩阔,亦令它可以有更大的发挥空间和机会。</p><p>记谱法、音域</p><p>低音单簧管的记谱音域</p><p>低音单簧管的实际音域低音单簧管同样是移调乐器,十九世纪时沿用单簧管的记谱法,使用高音谱号,但实际音高比记谱低一个大九度。[1]使用高音谱号是因为低音单簧管是由单簧管手兼任,使用相同的谱号可大大减少读谱上的不便,亦使乐手换转乐器时更容易。到了二十世纪,作曲家如浦罗哥菲夫、拉赫曼尼诺夫等改以低音谱号标记,令到实际音高比记谱低一个大二度,到高音域时才转回用高音谱号(但同时亦存在相距九度或二度之分)。分谱则仍原用高音谱号。</p><p>低音单簧管同样拥有超过三个八度的音域,现代改良版现时更可吹奏接近四个八度。</p> </div>   </div>    <h2> <a name="412203-436556-2" _cke_saved_name="412203-436556-2"></a> <a class="conArrow" href="#" _cke_saved_href="#" data-logid="h2-title">折叠</a>  <span class="opt js-edittext"> <a class="edit" href="/create/edit/?eid=412203&amp;sid=436556&amp;secid=2" _cke_saved_href="/create/edit/?eid=412203&amp;sid=436556&amp;secid=2" data-log="edit-title"><i class="ico"></i>编辑本段</a></span>  <b class="title">应用</b></h2> <div class="sonConBox ">  <div class="h2_content"> <p>自十九世纪初发明了低音单簧管而来,它的地位变得越来越普遍。十九世纪中后期到二十世纪,相关的曲目更越来越多,甚至出现在<a href="/doc/2603910-2749480.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/2603910-2749480.html" target="_blank">室内乐</a>和<a href="/doc/6050455-6263474.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6050455-6263474.html" target="_blank">独奏</a>曲目。现在,它的应用更加推展至<a href="/doc/5396410-5633601.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5396410-5633601.html" target="_blank">爵士乐</a>、<a href="/doc/489579-518392.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/489579-518392.html" target="_blank">电影配乐</a>和单簧管合奏团。</p><p>最早于<a href="/doc/6004523-6217505.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6004523-6217505.html" target="_blank">管弦乐</a>中使用低音单簧管的,是梅尔卡丹特于1834年完成的《安提俄克的埃玛》(Emma d'Antiochia)当中的第二幕,当中他指定了一样名为"glicibarifono"的乐器,就是低音单簧管。后来,<a href="/doc/5772790-5985563.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5772790-5985563.html" target="_blank">贾科莫·梅耶贝尔</a>(Giacomo Meyerbeer)于1836年首演的歌剧《胡格诺教徒》(Les Huguenots)第五幕中亦安排了一段低音单簧管的独奏。</p><p>其他较著名运用低音单簧管的管弦乐作品包括有:</p><p>柏辽兹:《葬礼及凯旋大交响曲》、《谢恩赞美颂》、歌剧《特洛伊人》</p><p>拉威尔:舞剧《达夫尼与克罗伊》、管弦乐《圆舞曲》、为穆索斯基《展览会图画》的配器</p><p><a href="/doc/6469575-6683270.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6469575-6683270.html" target="_blank">华格纳</a>:歌剧《<a href="/doc/6514224-6727950.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6514224-6727950.html" target="_blank">唐怀瑟</a>》、《崔斯坦与依索德》、《指环》、《<a href="/doc/6183435-6396683.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6183435-6396683.html" target="_blank">帕西法尔</a>》</p><p>李斯特:交响诗《山上能所看见的》、《塔索》、《<a href="/doc/2666701-2816119.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/2666701-2816119.html" target="_blank">但丁交响曲</a>》</p><p>威尔第:歌剧《<a href="/doc/5417422-28079373.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5417422-28079373.html" target="_blank">阿依达</a>》、《命运的力量》、《<a href="/doc/6618286-6832081.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6618286-6832081.html" target="_blank">唐·卡洛</a>》、《<a href="/doc/8836196-9161133.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/8836196-9161133.html" target="_blank">法斯塔夫</a>》</p><p>普契尼:除了第一出歌剧《薇丽(又称:群魔乱舞)》(La Villi)外,所有歌剧,包括《<a href="/doc/5683025-5895703.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5683025-5895703.html" target="_blank">托斯卡</a>》、《<a href="/doc/5419925-5658097.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5419925-5658097.html" target="_blank">波希米亚人</a>》、《<a href="/doc/6316361-6529955.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6316361-6529955.html" target="_blank">蝴蝶夫人</a>》等都有用上</p><p>马勒:所有交响曲</p><p><a href="/doc/5353805-5589269.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5353805-5589269.html" target="_blank">理查德·施特劳斯</a>:除《<a href="/doc/5402194-10558509.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5402194-10558509.html" target="_blank">唐璜</a>》(Don Juan)外的所有交响诗</p><p>勋伯格:《古雷之歌》</p><p>普罗科菲耶夫:第2-7号交响曲、芭蕾舞剧《<a href="/doc/5403506-7575587.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/5403506-7575587.html" target="_blank">罗密欧与朱丽叶</a>》</p><p>萧士塔高维契:第4号交响曲、第7号交响曲、第8号交响曲、第10号交响曲、第11号交响曲、第12号交响曲、第13号交响曲</p><p>拉赫曼尼诺夫:第2号交响曲、第3号交响曲、《交响舞曲》、《死之岛》</p><p>斯特拉文斯基:《<a href="/doc/6234680-6448035.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6234680-6448035.html" target="_blank">春之祭</a>》、《彼德罗斯卡》、《<a href="/doc/6305655-7622944.html" _cke_saved_href="/doc/6305655-7622944.html" target="_blank">火鸟</a>》</p> </div>   </div>      </div>   </div> </div><div class="entry-after">          <div id="characterRelationship" style="display:none;padding:0 30px"></div> </div> <div class="entry-belong"> <div class="reinforce cl"> <div id="J-mod-interested-possible"><div class="interested-possible-wrap">         <div class="interested-possible-title">
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